Transport strategy
Policy Instruments


Full list of instruments

Land use measures

Development densities an mix
Encouraging public transport use through land use planning
Development pattern
Parking standards for new development
Parking standards
Commuted payments
Developer contributions to the financing of infrastructure
Value capture taxes

Attitudinal and behavioural measures

Individualised Marketing to Reduce Car Use
Flexible working hours
Car clubs
Telecommunications as an alternative to travel
Company travel plans
Ride sharing

Infrastructure measure

New road construction
New off-street parking
New and upgraded rail lines
New stations
New rail services on existing lines
Light rail systems
Guided bus systems
Park and ride
Terminals and interchanges.
Cycle routes
Pedestrian routes
Pedestrian areas
Lorry parks
Transhipment facilities

Management of the infrastructure

Road maintenance
Conventional traffic management
Urban traffic control systems
Intelligent transport systems
Accident remedial measures
Traffic calming measures
Physical restrictions
Regulatory restrictions
Parking controls
Public transport service levels
High occupancy vehicle lanes
Bus service management
Bus priorities
Cycle lanes and priorities
Cycle parking provision
Pedestrian crossing facilities
Lorry routes and bans

Information provision

Conventional direction signing
Variable message signs
Real-time driver information systems and route guidance
Parking guidance and information systems
Conventional timetable and other service information
Real time passenger information
Trip planning systems
Operation information systems
Static direction signs
Tactile footways
Fleet management systems


Charges for ownership of private parking space
Urban road charging, including area licensing and road pricing
Vehicle ownership taxes
Parking Charges
Fuel taxes
Fare levels
Fares structures
Concessionary fares

Text edited at the Institute for Transport Studies, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT